Why are we talking about Indian cyber security policy at this time? Being one of the top 10 countries prone to cyber-attacks, India is facing a manifold increase in the cases of spamming, phishing, scanning of ICT systems amid the Covid-19 pandemic. To make matters worse, speculations are rife about a well-coordinated cyber attack by China that could cause widespread damage to the Indian information infrastructure.
So, let’s shed some light on why Indian cyber security policy needs to be reviewed.
Despite being a victim to stealthy cyber activities for a long time, it was only in 2013 that the country saw a comprehensive document for cyber security in the form of the National Cyber Security Policy or Indian cyber security policy. Seven years since, there has been no change in the cyber security scenario despite major advancements in the level of threats our IT infrastructure faces.
While the existing cyber security policy has several merits – the setting up of test infrastructure, malware monitoring and cleaning centre, as well as the establishment of a National Cyber Security Centre and National Critical Information Infrastructure Centre, among others.
Owing to these reforms, India already has a much stronger security. Additionally, the threat we face from the Chinese front does not use sophisticated codes. However, the emergence of artificial intelligence, big data and machine learning has complicated the cyber attack ecosystem.
While the Indian agencies have successfully warded off such attacks in the past as a part of Indian cyber security policy, let’s not overestimate our prowess in the cyber space. A lot needs to be done in order to build a better, more robust cyber security infrastructure, starting with a new cyber security policy which the government was expected to roll out this year.
The gaps with respect to the resilience of the infrastructure need to be filled. We face a dire need to review the policy formulated in 2013, and strengthen it according to the technological innovation and the level of threat they pose to critical infrastructure of our country today, in 2020.